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1949 Armistice Agreement Line Israel

On January 6, 1949, Dr. Ralph Bunche announced that Egypt had finally agreed to begin talks with Israel on an armistice. Talks began on January 12 on the Greek island of Rhodes. Shortly after its creation, Israel agreed to the release of an Egyptian brigade besieged in Falujah, but quickly revoked its agreement. [5] At the end of the month, the talks broke down. Israel has called on Egypt to withdraw all its forces from the former Mandatory Territory of Palestine. [Citation needed] Egypt has insisted that arab forces withdraw to the positions they occupied on 14 October 1948, in accordance with Security Council resolution S/1070 of 4 November 1948, and that Israeli forces withdraw to positions north of the Majdal-Hebron road. In March 1949, when Iraqi forces withdrew from Palestine and handed over their positions to the smaller Jordanian Legion, 3 Israeli brigades maneuvered into advantageous positions as part of Operation Shin-Tav-Shin and Operation Uvda. The operations allowed Israel to renegotiate the armistice line in the southern Negev (which provides access to the Red Sea) and the Wadi Ara area in a secret agreement concluded on March 23, 1949 and incorporated into the General Armistice Agreement. The Green Line was then redesigned in blue ink on the southern map to give the impression that a green Line had been moved. [8] The events that led to a change in the Green Line were an exchange of fertile land in the Israeli-controlled Bethlehem area and the transfer of the village of Wadi Fukin to Jordanian control. On the 15th. In July, when the Israeli army expelled the population of Wadi Fukin after the village had been moved to Israeli-occupied territory under the ceasefire agreement between Israel and the Kingdom of Jordan, the Joint Ceasefire Commission ruled by a majority on 31 August that Israel had violated the ceasefire agreement by pushing villagers across the demarcation line.

and decided that the villagers should move into their own homes. However, when the villagers returned to Wadi Fukin on 6 September under the supervision of Un observers, they found most of their homes destroyed and were again forced by the Israeli army to return to the Jordanian-controlled area. [9] The name comes from the green ink used to draw the line on the map during the ceasefire talks. [2] After the Six-Day War, the territories conquered by Israel beyond the Green Line were designated as East Jerusalem, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula (the Sinai Peninsula has since been returned to Egypt under the 1979 peace treaty). These territories are often referred to as territories occupied by Israel. 2. This Agreement, negotiated and concluded in accordance with the Security Council Resolution of 16 November 1948 calling for the establishment of a ceasefire in order to eliminate the threat to peace in Palestine and to facilitate the transition from that ceasefire to a lasting peace in Palestine, shall remain in force until a peaceful settlement is reached between the Parties, except in the cases provided for in paragraph 3 of this Article. 4. The establishment of a ceasefire between the armed forces of the two Parties is accepted as an indispensable step towards the settlement of the armed conflict and the restoration of peace in Palestine. In September 1955, Ariel Sharon`s paratroopers invaded the UN sector of the demilitarized zone. In Falameh, the Mukhtar was killed, seven other villagers were injured and three houses were destroyed.

The attack lasted four and a half hours. Israel was condemned for this act by the Joint Ceasefire Commission. [18] 4. The rules and regulations of the armed forces of the Parties prohibiting civilians from crossing the battle lines or entering the area between the lines shall remain in force after the signing of this Agreement and shall apply to the ceasefire demarcation line set out in article VI. Rosenthal, Yemima, ed. Documents on Israel`s Foreign Policy., Vol. 3: Armistice Negotiations with the Arab States, December 1948-July 1949. Jerusalem: Archives of the State of Israel, 1983.

2. Within this line, the Egyptian forces will not go beyond their current positions anywhere, and this includes Beit Hanun and his entourage, from where the Israeli forces must be withdrawn north of the ceasefire demarcation line, and any other position within the line described in paragraph I to be evacuated by Israeli forces in accordance with paragraph 3. 18 February: The Israeli delegation complained that on 18 February, four armed infiltrators crossed the demarcation line into Israel and that when they were stopped by an Israeli patrol at M.R. 1023-1123, they began to flee by firing on the patrol. During the exchange of fire, one of the intruders was killed. Ceasefire agreements were to serve only as interim agreements until they were replaced by lasting peace treaties. However, it took three decades to reach a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, and it took another 15 years to reach a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan. To date, no peace treaty has been signed between Israel and Lebanon[N 1] or between Israel and Syria.

October 14, 1953: Qibya massacre – 130 Israeli soldiers crossed the demarcation line in the village of Qibya and attacked the inhabitants by firing automatic weapons and explosives. Forty-one houses and one school building were destroyed. This led to the killing of forty-two people and the death of fifteen people and damage to a police car, as well as the passage of part of the same group into the village of Shuqba, in violation of Article III(2) of the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement. A number of unexploded hand grenades marked with Hebrew letters and three bags of TNT were found in and around the village. [18] [19] The first GAA was signed on February 24, 1949 by Colonel Mohammad Ibrahim Sayf el-Din for Egypt and Walter Eytan for Israel on the Greek island of Rhodes. It provided, inter alia, for large demilitarized zones in the Nitzana-AbuAgayla sector. On the other hand, he did not specify the rights of Israeli navigation through the Suez Canal and the Strait of Tiran. Israel has deemed the closure of these waterways incompatible with international law and the provisions of the ceasefire and has repeatedly drawn the attention of the UN Security Council to the blockade of Suez. But neither the support in the form of UN Security Council resolution 95 (1951) nor the military gains of the 1956 Sinai campaign succeeded in changing Egypt`s vision, and the blockade of the canal lasted thirty years. The stalemate culminated in the assassination of Hassan al-Banna, the leader of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood group, on February 12, 1949. Israel threatened to break off the talks, after which the US called on the parties to carry them out. .

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